Inhalt des Dokuments
Zur Entstehung kreativer Milieus in
Metropolen. Berlin und New York im Vergleich / "The development
of intra-metropolitan creative industries cluster in Berlin and New
The notion of creative industries has moved sharply onto the research agenda of urban and economic theorists in the past years and raised much debate in both scholarly and policy circles about its various meanings and practical applications. Around the world policymakers shifted their political strategies from managerialism to entrepreneurialism (Harvey 1989) as an attempt to respond to economic, social, and cultural changes and maximize the attractiveness of their local sites as a lure for economic development. Creative industries have become catchwords for those strategies, sources of localized competitive advantages in the global economic competition of cities, favorable tools for economic development and the revitalization of inner-city neighborhoods.
Berlin and New York City inhabit great numbers of creative businesses which tend to form intra-metropolitan clusters, spatial concentrations of creative companies and associated institutions linked by “mainly informal social relationships on a limited geographical area, often determining a specific external ‘image’ and a specific internal ‘representation’ and sense of belonging, which enhance the local innovative capability through synergetic and collective learning processes.”(Camagni 1991).
Intra-metropolitan creative industries cluster are considered to be an extremely desirable, yet in some ways unpredictable, form of urban development. Their emergence is usually explained by detecting incipient locational activities. But cluster development is less a question of how the seeds of the agglomeration were originally planted, than about the blooming of the organism as a structured and self-reinforcing process of growth and development that emerges into an organized system of dynamic spatial formation (Scott 2005). So far, “Urban Studies has done rather well in examining the motors of growth; once the process begins, we have reasonable explanations as to why it continues. But we have done less well in explaining growth’s ignition.”(Storper/Manville 2005).
This research explores the development of place-based collaborative networks, the incurrence of local identities and images as well as collective learning processes that are seen as to enhance local innovative capabilities, in order to understand the formation of intra-metropolitan creative industries cluster. It questions the ‘accidental’ emergence of creative industries agglomerations into dynamic clusters and identifies its actors, processes, and motivations.
The study is based on over 200 qualitative interviews with different cluster actors - creative entrepreneurs, cultural institutions and organizations, real estate owners and developers, local politicians, neighborhood organization, and local businesses - that influence the cluster development process as well as a three year participating observation of their respective activities. Research neighborhoods are: the South Bronx and Long Island City in New York City and Friedrichshain and Wedding in Berlin.
Lebenslauf / Curriculum Vitae
Since November 2008 Doreen Jacob is Research Associate of the DFG Emmy Noether Project “Urban Renaissance Mega-Projects” at our Center for Metropolitan Studies. Click here for her detailed CV and further information.