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SE Industrialisation and Deindustrialization: Foundational Texts and Historical Episodes

Avi Sharma

Modul 2: Dekonstruktion und Rekonstruktion

Fr 14-16 Uhr • HBS 103 • Beginn 21.10.2016

According to the renowned economic historian Werner Sombart, Industrialization defined the character of urbanization in the 19th and early 20th centuries.  The rapid growth of the forces of economic production was accompanied by explosive population growth in cities across Europe and North America.  This period of massive growth affected not just urban populations, but infrastructure, urban space, public housing, political culture, green spaces and regional environments.

Since the 1970s, the world’s largest economies have experienced an increasingly intensive period of de-industrialization – with productive labor increasingly occurring in so-called “service sectors”.  Like its opposite, de-industrialization has defined the urban experience in diverse ways.

This seminar explores histories of the urban between roughly 1870 and the present.  Typically, this kind of historically oriented course would be organized chronologically, focusing on continuities and ruptures within (and beyond) the urban experience.  This course will be differently organized.  Using a mixed lecture-discussion format, students will read foundational texts on thematic issues which include economic rationality, social movements, the creation and experience of space and place, the disciplining of the laboring body, the changing nature of work, and nature and the city – among others.  These foundational works will then be used to discuss, interpret and analyze key moments in the transformation of the urban between industrialization and deindustrialization.

Grundlegende Texte 

Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation: Politische und ökonomische Ursprünge von Gesellschaften und Wirtschaftssystemen (Berlin: Suhrkamp, 1973 [1944]); Emile Durkheim, The Division of Labor in Society (New York: Free Press, 1965 [1893]); Max Weber, Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus (Munich: 1904); William Cronon, Nature’s Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West (New York: Norton, 1991); Eric Hobsbawm,The Age of Capital, 1848-1875(New York, 1975); Miriam Levin, Sophie Forgan, Martina Hessler, Robert Kargon, and Morris Low,Urban Modernity: Cultural Innovation in the Second Industrial Revolution(Cambridge, MA, 2010); Jürgen Osterhammel,Die Verwandlung der Welt(München: C.H. Beck, 2009); Dieter Schott,Europäische Urbanisierung: Eine umwelthistorische Einführung(Köln: Böhlau, 2014); Clemens Zimmermann,Industrial Cities: History and Future(Frankfurt: Campus, 2013).

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